Bird Housing

Proper Bird Housing/Coops

  • Check with your local ordinances if there are any restrictions on bird numbers and housing size 

  • Use nest boxes for birds to lay in as seen in the photo

    • Make sure the nest boxes are out of sunlight​

    • At least 1 box for every 3 birds, minimum

  • Provide plenty of ventilation to prevent buildup of bacteria, moisture and ammonia

  • Have an area for them to roost/perch on, about 10 inches per bird - this is how they like to rest with their toes curled around a round object as seen in the photo

  • Beware: old barns have potential for lead poisoning in old paint

Fresh Water

  • Birds should always have access to fresh, clean water 


  • Prevent contact with any wild birds 

    • ​Adding a perimeter fence can be helpful to keep out other birds​
    • Risk of diseases such as mycoplasma, influenza, and fowl cholera (Pasteurella

  • Protection from predators

    • Common predators include weasels, foxes, raccoons, hawks etc​.

    • Recommend hardware cloth for fencing and putting down a layer on the ground (or buried) to prevent digging underneath the fence

    • Use locks with a double bolt snap - raccoons can often open simple locks such as hook and eye and barrel bolts

  • Pest control

    • Controlling for pests such as, mice, rats, and insects is important to prevent disease spread and prevent spoiled feed​

chicken roost, birds on a perch

Birds roosting on a perch

Image by Dani Millington of bird coop and chickens outside on grass
nesting box, birds in an area to lay eggs and nest

Birds in nesting boxes